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English Castle of Cullera

 
Ficha Técnica de la Audioguía
  • Duración: 60 minutos
  • Número de Pistas: 14
  • Tipo: Profesional
  • Temática: Monumental
  • Pertenece a: Audioguiasonline
  • Fecha de Grabación:
    16/05/2011
  • Idioma:en
  • Otros idiomas: es de en fr it val
  • Rutas:
    Castle of Cullera
 

Cullera en el Mapa

English Castle of Cullera

The castle of Cullera is located in the southernmost side of the mount of Cullera, the so called Golden Mountain. The castle can be accessed from the village at the feet of the mount, and more specifically through the pedestrian access called Revoltes Noves but also through the road that starts at Barrio de Sant Antoni.
The castle is a 10th century construction, from Caliphate times, built by the Cordoba state to control and defend the territory, specially the coast and the Júcar river mouth. The existence of such enclave in those old times coincided with a revitalization and urban development of the Islamic east side of the peninsula, the Sharq al-Andalus, mostly in the coastal strip.
With the collapse of the caliphate, the Castle of Cullera became part of the defensive system at the southern frontier of the independent Valencia Taifa, and remained a crucial element until the first half of the 12th century, along the Almoravid period and later on, along the Almohad kingdom.
The fortress passed onto Christian hands in the 13th century, after a failed first attempt to conquer it by Jaime the 1st, possibly due to a lack of supplies and war materials. In any case, in 1239 after the siege of Valencia, the Castle of Cullera was under the control of the Conqueror.

Castle of Cullera

1) The castle of Cullera The history



GPS de The castle of Cullera The history: 39.1659, -0.24996

The castle of Cullera is located in the southernmost side of the mount of Cullera, the so called Golden Mountain. The castle can be accessed from the village at the feet of the mount, and more specifically through the pedestrian access called... leer más

2) The castle’s architecture



GPS de The castle’s architecture: 39.1659, -0.24996

Today the fortress, located at the highest point of the ensemble, is made up of a series of elements, towers and wall curtains structured around a central patio. The fortress has an irregular rectangular plan; the longer sides corresponding to... leer más

3) Access and Ravelin



GPS de Access and Ravelin: 39.1659, -0.24996

We will access the castle through an outer stairway that ends at the platform of the so called Ravelin or external defensive tower, which leads to the fortress’ entrance door. Nevertheless, the visitor must know that this is not the original... leer más

4) Gothic Chapel



GPS de Gothic Chapel: 39.1659, -0.24996

Let’s go through the door, dear visitor, to find the Chapel or Ermita Vella. The main entrance to the building is on the right side and gives access to the important collections of Cullera’s History and Archaeology Museum. The first thing... leer más

5) The Patio and the loopholes’ Wall



GPS de The Patio and the loopholes’ Wall: 39.1659, -0.24996

The patio is the central space in the castle that gives access to all buildings. The ill-named Parade Ground is known historically as Patio de los Aljibes or Cisterns’ Patio. The two cisterns found in the southern part of the castle are the only... leer más

6) The Guard Room



GPS de The Guard Room: 39.1659, -0.24996

The visitor knows that every castle worth its salt has a Guard Room. That of Cullera’s castle is a rectangular room located above the Chapel. This room occupies the upper part of an old Islamic building, although the room as such was built after... leer más

7) Respatller or Round Tower



GPS de Respatller or Round Tower: 39.1659, -0.24996

The Respatller Tower, with a semicircular plan, has an Islamic origin. Together with the Cap de l’Altar tower, both had the function to defend, just like lime mortar and masonry colossus, the entrance to the main fortress of Cullera, located in... leer más

8) Cap D‘Altar Tower



GPS de Cap D‘Altar Tower: 39.1659, -0.24996

The Cap d’Altar tower—together with that of Respatller— had the important function of defending the main entrance to the fortress of Cullera the “porta falça devés la mar”, located in the eastern wall of the first albacara or protected... leer más

9) The Sea Room and the Casteller House



GPS de The Sea Room and the Casteller House: 39.1659, -0.24996

Our visitors shall exercise their imagination in order to understand how the Sea Room and the “casteller” house were built over the medieval rooms of the castle, and more specifically, over the Chapel and The White Tower. Such works entailed a... leer más

10) White Tower



GPS de White Tower: 39.1659, -0.24996

The White or Square Tower has a quadrangular plan and was built with one side attached to the existing Islamic wall, over which the tower was raised. There is no certainty of the dates when it was built, although the materials used— concrete and... leer más

11) Eastern Wall



GPS de Eastern Wall: 39.1659, -0.24996

We must clarify, dear visitor, that the east curtain is the piece of wall that demarcates the fortress in the east and runs from the White or Square Tower to the Bastion. Once clarified this point, we must say that the curtain wall has undergone... leer más

12) Bastion



GPS de Bastion: 39.1659, -0.24996

The Bastion is a 16th century construction. However it is so only in appearance, since in reality the construction is an adaptation of an existing tower to the new defensive needs that arose from the use of firearms and gunpowder. Such fact has... leer más

13) Main Tower



GPS de Main Tower: 39.1659, -0.24996

The Main Tower has a square plan, 15 meters at its base and 16 meters high. With such magnitude the tower dominates the landscape, with the river Júcar to the west and the bay to the east. The chronology for the tower is quite long, as it... leer más

14) The Cisterns



GPS de The Cisterns: 39.1659, -0.24996

From the very beginning the castle, built in a Mediterranean climate area with short and irregular rain periods, needed cisterns to collect rain water that supplied in shortage periods. The Castle had two cisterns that we can now admire after... leer más

The castle of Cullera The history - The castle’s architecture - @Jose Granero Access and Ravelin - @Jose Granero

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